Men of all ages suffer from testicular pain. It is also known as scrotal pain. The period and severity of pain vary from person to person depending on the cause.
What Is A Testicular Pain?
Pain in the testicles can be explained as the pain and discomfort felt in the testicles or scrotum. The most excruciating and severe pain is caused due to testicular torsion, and this condition requires immediate attention. However, in most of the cases, the intensity of testicular pain is low. Steady and slow pain disappear on its own. But if you experience regular pain, you need to get it treated. Untreated pain in testicles can lead to infertility and erectile dysfunction.
Testicular Pain Causes
To understand testicular pain, let us look at the male anatomy. The scrotum contains testicles on each side. The testicles perform two essential functions:
It makes the male hormone called the testosterone.
It also produces sperm, which travels from the testicles to the epididymis and later to the prostate.
There are a variety of reasons for testicular pain. It can be caused because of the following medical conditions:
- Kidney stones
- Infection of scrotum or testis
- Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia (STD’s)
- Enlarged prostate
- A hernia
- Gangrene infection, and viral or bacterial infection causing inflammation of the testicles (epididymitis).
- Older men can also develop pain in testicles because of enlargement of prostate gland causing abnormality in the genitourinary
Less common causes of testicular pain include:
- An Inguinal hernia
- Orchitis (inflammation of testicles)
- A testicular tumor.
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What are the symptoms associated with testicular pain
Symptoms related to testicular pain are:
- Swelling, redness, and tenderness in the
- Blood in urine
- Blood in semen
- Pain with sexual intercourse
- Pain with ejaculation
- Painful urination
Your doctor would need a complete history and physical examination to diagnose the cause of pain. Testicular pain treatment depends upon the underlying cause. The primary aim of evaluation is to rule out any underlying structural abnormality. It is essential to distinguish epididymitis from testicular torsion because testicular torsion is a surgical emergency and it requires prompt medical attention.
Testicular Pain Home Remedies
Non-urgent causes of pain in testicles can often be treated with home remedies. Home care help in reducing discomfort and swelling:
1. Ice pack
Ice subsides swelling and pain. It is also readily available in markets. They are portable plastic bags filled with gel or water or liquid. The contents are frozen in the freezer before using. These packs are used as a cold compress to alleviate pain and inflammation.
Take some ice cubes in a plastic bag and wrap them in a towel. Apply this pack on the scrotum for 15 – 20 minutes. Repeat this 2 -3 times daily.
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To get rid of testicular pain limit your physical activity until you have pain. Avoid any strenuous Just relax by lying down on your back for 15-30 minutes. Try not to focus on the pain.
3. Drink fluids
Many health issues are a result of Dehydration may lead to urinary tract infection which in turn may lead to testicle pain. Always keep yourself hydrated. Drink at least 9-10 glasses of water every day. Avoid caffeinated and sugar loaded drinks.
4. Athletic supporter
Try athletic supporter to relieve testicle pain. It provides support to the scrotum. They are also known as jockstrap and are used to support the male genitalia during cycling, contact sports, and other vigorous physical activities.
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5. Warm bath
It is one of the best testicular pain home remedy. For this purpose, you can use a standard tub, fill it water. The temperature of the water should range from 40 degree Celsius to 45 degree Celsius. You should increase the temperature gradually according to your comfort. Always drink a glass of water before entering the hot bath. A warm bath helps to relieve pain due to infection and swelling. Still, take a cold shower bath after a hot hip bath.
6. Lift your scrotum
To get rid of testicular pain support scrotum and keep it elevated. The friction between the testicles and legs to relieve
Prevention is always better than cure. So, can you prevent testicular pain?
Most of the causes of testicular pain and discomfort are not preventable, but some measures can be taken to decrease the risk.
How To Prevent Testicular Pain
- Avoid wearing a tight
- Drink lots of water
- Practice safe sex
- Cut foods high in cholesterol.
- Drink lots of water
- While practicing or participating in sportswear supporters to protect scrotum.
- Ensure that your children are timely vaccinated with MMR (mumps, measles, and rubella) vaccine.
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Practice regular self-examinations of testicles for early detection of testicular tumors. The preferred time is after a bath when the scrotal skin is relaxed. Hold your scrotum in your hands, with the help of your fingers and thumb, examine your testicles. Look for any painless lump or swelling.
Take the precautions mentioned above, try home remedies for testicular pain and if the pain is excruciating seek medical advice as soon as possible to prevent complications.