Vertigo is a sort of dizziness or sensation of spinning, moving, tilting or falling that does not accompany any actual movement. It is a condition where your senses tell your brain that your body is not in balance. Vertigo itself is not a diagnosis but an indication of some underlying disease. It may be accompanied with nausea, vomiting, the fullness of ear, temporary hearing loss, tinnitus and loss of balance.
In some conditions, vertigo happens just once, and in some other types, it recurs until the underlying condition is treated. The symptoms of vertigo may last for a few seconds to hours, may be intermittent or constant.
Note:- Vertigo is different from non-specific dizziness or light-headedness.
What Causes Vertigo
The most ordinary form of vertigo is BPPV or benign positional paroxysmal vertigo. It is caused due to build up of deposits in the inner ear that navigates the sense of balance. Elderly are more prone to this condition. Other causes of vertigo are a stroke, vestibular neuritis (inflammation of the vestibular nerve), migraines, Meniere’s disease and head or neck injuries. It may also be caused as a result of side effect of certain medications.
Depending on the cause vertigo may be divided into two categories:
- Peripheral vertigo- It is common and is caused because of disturbance in the balance mechanism of the inner ear.
- Central vertigo– It happens due to problems in the cerebellum or brain stem.
There are vertigo home treatments to provide relief. However, we strongly recommend consulting your doctor for a proper diagnosis of the underlying cause before trying them out. Some of the cases may also require surgery or special treatment.
How To Get Rid Of Vertigo At Home
1. Epley Maneuver
It is the first line of treatment at home for people experiencing vertigo. The steps are as follows:
- First of all, sit on a flat surface keeping your upper body straight, legs outstretched and a pillow behind.
- Now turn your head to the right up to 45 degrees and recline with your head on the pillow. Stay in this position for 30 seconds.
- Slowly tilt your head to the left without lifting neck up to 90 degrees. Engage your whole body to the left so that you are entirely to your left.
- Return to the original position slowly.
- Repeat this three times in a day.
2. Brandt- Daroff Exercise
This is a simple exercise recommended to practice at a safe place to get rid of vertigo at home. The procedure is discussed below:
- Sit on a flat surface and dangle your legs as if from the chair.
- Turn your head to the left as far as you can and lay the head and your torso down to the right side. Make sure not to move your legs. Stay in this position for 30 seconds.
- Now sit up and bring your head back to the center position.
- Repeat the same with your head turning to the right and then lying on your left side.
- Practice this exercise in a set of 5 repetitions three times in a day and two times in a week.
3. Vitamin D
It has been found that BPPV and osteoporosis are linked. Osteoporosis is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin D and calcium and makes your bone been fragile and brittle. Calcium crystals are present in the chambers of the inner ear, and in the cell lining of the inner ear, vitamin D receptors are present. The deficiency of vitamin D break loose the crystals and leads to vertigo.
Increase intake of foods rich in vitamin D such as dairy products, tuna, salmon, beef liver, and egg yolk. Take sunbath in the morning for 30 minutes to encourage vitamin D production. For vitamin D supplements consult your doctor.
Magnesium is needed by our body to maintain electrolyte balance. In the deficiency of magnesium false message of gravity and movement from inner ear is interpreted by the brain even when there is no movement which leads to vertigo.
To treat vertigo increase the consumption of magnesium-rich foods such as bananas, apricot, nuts, legumes, soy products, millet, brown rice and dark green leafy vegetables. Massage with magnesium oil for 20 minutes daily as magnesium is absorbed by the skin. For supplements consult your doctor.
One of the best home remedies for motion sickness and nausea is ginger. We can also use ginger to get rid of vertigo-related nausea. Ginger promotes blood circulation. You can consume it in different ways like eating it raw or as ginger tea.
To make ginger tea add a few pieces of ginger to a cup of steaming water and steep for 15 minutes. Strain it and drink it warm.
6. Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo biloba is traditional Chinese medicine. It promotes the flow of blood to the brain and reduces dizziness.
It is recommended to take 120 to 160 grams of ginkgo bilbo extract in a day dividing it into 2-3 doses for a month.
Noe:- Consult your doctor before taking ginkgo bilbo extract for vertigo treatment.
Valerian is a herb to deal with vertigo that is caused due to nervous exhaustion. It helps to treat issues such as anxiety and insomnia.
Steep a teaspoon of dried valerian root in a cup of water for a few minutes (5-10 minutes). Strain the concoction and drink it warm three times in a day for three days.
8. Almond And Pumpkin Seeds
Prepare ayurvedic remedy to treat vertigo with pumpkin seeds and almonds.
Soak about 7-8 almonds, 7-8 pumpkin seeds, a teaspoon poppy seeds and tablespoon wheat. Leave it overnight. In the morning peel the almonds and grind all the ingredients together to make a paste. In 2 teaspoon of clarified butter saute a half teaspoon of cloves and add the paste. Also, add a cup of milk and boil the mixture. Turn the heat off. Drink this remedy daily for 3-4 days.
When it comes to preventing vertigo no doubt your options are limited. However, prevention is still better than cure. To prevent vertigo avoid injuries or falls, control your blood pressure and cholesterol level by taking prescribed medications and proper diet. Practice yoga, meditation and breathing exercises. Stop smoking, limit salt intake and stay hydrated.